THC and CBD are the main components of cannabis, but they aren’t the only ingredients worth considering. Cannabis gets its flavor and smell from chemicals called terpenes – naturally formed hydrocarbons that plants produce to ward off harmful bacteria and fungi. Cannabis has naturally high levels of terpenes.
All plants produce terpenes, which is how different plants evolve to have different flavors – the terpene composition of an apple is vastly different to that of garlic, for example.
Cannabis has about 140 different terpenes, and different strains and growing methods produce a different cocktail of them. The composition of terpenes is what gives cannabis its distinct smell, and is also how different strains can be told apart. When terpenes are controlled for through specific growing methods, cannabis strains, and soil nutrition, the products made from that plant will also have a different flavor, which is how producers like Waveseer are able to make high-quality products that are pleasant to all senses.
However, terpenes are important for more than just their flavor. While THC is commonly regarded as the only psychoactive substance in cannabis, research suggests that terpenes also have an effect on the brain. Myrcene, for example, has a musty and herbal smell and is also reported to have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. By contrast, linalool, a terpene with a chiefly lavender scent, might have properties that can boost immune function and restore cognitive function.
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